Knowledge Repository

Handbook on Supporting Local Governments and Citizens Practice Pro-Poor Good Local Governance

Nara Weigel

Publisher: Helvetas Swiss InterCooperation


This case study illustrates the challenges associated with citizen monitoring, a form of short-route accountability. In the early 1980s, the poor condition of roads and other infrastructure in remote areas of the Philippines hindered economic growth and heightened regional inequalities. A major problem was the central government’s inability to follow through on its own improvement projects in far-flung regions of the 7,100-island archipelago. In 1986, President Corazon Aquino created the Community Employment and Development Program, which changed the way the government managed its rural public works program. Her administration empowered citizens to monitor the progress and quality of construction.

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